Solar energy is a form of renewable energy that is obtained from the sun. It is one of the cleanest and most abundant sources of energy available on our planet. In order to take advantage of this energy, solar panels are used to convert it into usable electricity in our homes.
But how do our solar panels for homes work?
The process begins when solar panels, also known as solar panels, capture sunlight. This light is a constant stream of energy in the form of photons, traveling through space to reach Earth. Solar panels are designed to capture as much light as possible and convert it into electrical energy.
To achieve this, solar panels are made up of solar cells, which are electronic devices that convert sunlight into electricity. These cells are made of silicon, which is a semiconductor material. Silicon has the property that when it receives energy from photons from sunlight, it releases electrons that flow through an electrical circuit and generate electrical current.
Solar cells are connected in series to form a module, and multiple modules are joined together to form a solar panel. Solar panels are designed to withstand extreme weather conditions, such as rain, snow, and hail.
When the solar panel is exposed to sunlight, electrons from the solar cells begin to flow through the electrical circuit that forms the panel. This electrical current is called direct current (DC) and is low voltage. It is important to note that this current is not usable in our homes, since our appliances and electronics require alternating current (AC).
This is where the solar inverter comes into play. The solar inverter converts the direct current generated by the solar panel into usable alternating current in our homes. In addition, it also controls the amount of power that is sent to the public electricity grid, if a grid connection is chosen. In this way, it is ensured that solar energy that is not used in the home is sent to the grid to be used by others.
To maximize the efficiency of the solar system, solar batteries can also be used. Solar batteries are devices that store electrical energy generated by solar panels during the day for use at night or on cloudy days. In this way, you can make the most of the solar energy generated at home.
In summary, solar panels for homes work by converting the energy of photons from sunlight into electrical current through silicon solar cells. The solar inverter converts direct current into usable alternating current in our homes and controls the amount of energy that is consumed.